Keloids and Hypertrophic scars

What are keloids and hypertrophic scars?

Keloids are the result of an overgrowth of dense fibrous tissue (scar tissue) that usually develops after healing of a skin injury. The scar extends wider than original wound and does not usually go away on its own.

A hypertrophic scar is scar tissue that it red and thick which occurs initially after a wound heals. Unlike keloids, hypertrophic scars turn pale and flat within the next 6 months to 2 years.

What causes Keloids or Hypertrophic Scars?

We are unsure of the cause of keloids; however both of these scars are harmless and there is no risk of turning into cancer.

Who is at risk for a keloid?

Some people will develop keloids after minor injuries such as a bug bite, however some people never develop keloids. Keloids are more common in darker skinned individuals.

What are the signs/symptoms of a keloid or hypertrophic scar?

Keloids and hypertrophic scars do not usually cause symptoms, but they may be tender, painful, pruritic or they may cause a burning sensation.

How is a keloid diagnosed?

A dermatologist and dermatology providers can make the diagnosis clinically.

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